Names from the Secret History of the Mongols

Compiled in 1988 by Heather Daveno, Copyright Free! (Return to Library)

The Secret History of the Mongols was written for the royal Mongol family after the death of Chinghis Khan in 1227 AD. It details the history of the Mongol peoples from the birth of the first Mongol, Batachikhan, through the ascension of Ogodei Khan to the Mongolian throne. The Secret History is considered a primary source for the geneology of the ruling families of Mongolia up to the beginning of the 14th century.

These names are in alphagetical order, and are followed by gender (m/f) and page number for reference. Translation, clan affiliation and other notes from the text are included. Tribal spellings are taken directly from the text and may not be consistent throughout this catalog. For additional information on medieval Mongolian naming practices, please click here. Additional resources maintained by Joshua Mittleman, can be found by clicking here. Many thanks to CrystalLin, whose assistance in setting up the original table was invaluable...

 

Name

M

F

Page

Tribe

Notes from the text

Achigh Shirun

x

 

84

Kereyid

Leader of the Tubegan clan

Aguchu the Brave

x

 

59

 

Leader of the Tayichigud clan

Ajai

x

 

70

Tatar

 

Ajinai

x

 

126

 

 

Akhutai

x

 

142

 

 

Al Alta

 

x

148

 

Her name means  "The Golden One"

Alagh

x

 

66

 

 

Alagh Yid

 

x

82

 

 

Ala Khush Digid Khuri

x

 

126

 

Mohammedan ( Persia )

Alan the Fair

 

x

4

Khorilar

She gave birth to five sons, who each founded a clan. (pg. 10) Glossary lists her as Alan Ghoa.

Alchi

x

 

126

 

 

Alchidai Khachigun

x

 

14

 

 

Al Diger

x

 

149

 

 

Altan

x

 

11

 

 

Altani

 

x

136

 

 

Altun Ashugh

x

 

71

 

 

Ambaghai  

x

 

10

 

He was the first of the Tayichigud clan.

Arkhai Khasar

x

 

50

 

 

Arslan

x

 

147

Kharlugh

 

Arasen

x

 

192

 

 

Asha Gambu   

x

 

172

 

He was a Tanghut minister.

B

Badai

x

 

82

 

He was a herdsman.

Bagaridai 

x

 

10

 

He was a son of Bodonchar, whose wife was captured from a neighboring tribe. Bagaridai means "The Captured One'.  He was the first of the Bagarin clan.

Bala  

x

 

125

 

He was a leader of the Jalayir clan.

Barghujin

x

 

4

 

 

Bartan the Brave

x

 

10

 

Glossary lists him as Bartan Bagatur.

Batachikhan

x

 

3

 

Born of a blue-grey wolf and a fallow deer, Batachikhan was the first human of the Mongol race.

Batu

x

 

182

 

Founder of the Golden Horde of Russia .

Bedugun

x

 

133

 

 

Begter

x

 

20

 

He was Temujin's elder half brother.

Belgutei

x

 

11

 

He was Temujin's younger half brother and a noyan (prince).

Belgunutei

x

 

4

 

 

Bilge

x

 

60

 

 

Bodonchar the Fool

x

 

5

 

Founder of the Borjigin clan, he may also have introduced falconry to Mongolia . (pg. 7) Glossary lists him as Bodonchar Mungkhagh.

Bogen

x

 

125

 

 

Bogorchu

x

 

28

 

 

Bolkhadar

x

 

190

 

 

Borjigidai the Clever

x

 

3

 

 

Boroghul

x

 

58

Jurkin

Temujin's personal cook.

Borte

 

x

15

Ungirad

Temujin's primary wife.

Botokhui Targhun

 

x

149

 

Ruler of the Khori Tumad tribe.

Bughu Khatagi

x

 

5

 

 

Bughutu Salji

x

 

5

 

 

Bugidai

x

 

142

 

 

Bugunutei

x

 

4

 

 

Bujeg

x

 

189

 

 

Bujir

x

 

125

 

 

Bukha

x

 

57

 

 

Bulughan

x

 

125

 

 

Buri the Athlete  

x

 

10

 

Glossary lists him as Buri Boko.

Burkhan

x

 

163

 

Ruler of the Tanghut kingdom.

Butu

x

 

126

 

 

Buyirugh

x

 

59

Naiman

He was a great shaman.

C

Chaghagan Khoga

x

 

125

 

 

Chaghagan Uua

x

 

47

 

He was the leader of the Chinos (Wolf) clan.

Chagur

 

x

78

 

 

Chagurkhai

x

 

126

 

 

Chakha (f) pg. 162

x

 

50

 

 

Chanai (m) pg. 142

x

 

16

 

 

Charakha (m) pg. 16

x

 

16

 

 

Checheyigen (f) pg. 149

 

x

149

 

 

Chidukhul the Athlete

x

 

10

 

He had so many sons from his numerous wives that they formed the Menen Bagarin clan, meaning "Numerous Captives"

Chigu

x

 

126

 

 

Chilagun

x

 

25

 

A prince of the Merkid tribe.

Chiledu

x

 

11

 

A nobleman of the Merkid tribe.

Chilger the Athlete

x

 

40

 

 

Chimbai

x

 

25

 

 

Chingis

x

 

2

 

Born as Temujin, named after the Tatar Temujin Uge, whom his father had captured in war. He later took the name of Chingis, which is "the sound iron makes when it is forged'.

Chormakhan

x

 

175

 

He was a Mongol leader.

Chotan

 

x

30

 

Borte's mother (Borte was Temujin's wife).

Chulgetei

x

 

125

 

 

Cyriacus Buyirugh

x

 

69

 

He was a leader of the Kereyid tribe.

D

Dagun

x

 

126

 

 

Daidukul Sokhor

x

 

149

 

 

Daritai Odchigin

x

 

11

 

 

Dayir Usun

x

 

34

 

A chief of one of the three Merkid tribes.

Degei

x

 

49

 

 

Dei the Wise

x

 

14

Ungirad

 

Dhunan

x

 

125

 

 

Dobun the Clever

x

 

3

 

Glossary lists him as Dobun Mergen.

Dodai

x

 

50

 

 

Dokholkhu

x

 

193

 

 

Dologadai

x

 

125

 

 

Dorbei the Fierce

x

 

149

 

Glossary lists him as Dorbei Doghshin.

Doregene

 

x

117

Merkid

Wife to Ogodei Khan.

Dori Bukha

x

 

126

 

 

Duua the Blind

x

 

3

 

Glossary lists him as Duua Sokhor.

E

Ebegei

 

x

53

 

 

Eljigedei

x

 

144

 

 

Erke Khara

x

 

69

 

 

G

Geugi

x

 

126

 

 

Ghunan

x

 

133

 

Geniges clan

Guchu (m) pg. 58

x

 

58

Merkid

 

Guchugur

x

 

50

 

 

Guchulug

x

 

147

Naiman

 

Gughlug

x

 

117

 

He was a Naiman Prince.

Gugun

x

 

57

 

 

Gurbesu

 

x

102

Naiman

A wife to Chingis Khan.

Gurin the Brave

x

 

76

 

 

Guyug

x

 

183

 

 

H

Harghasun

x

 

187

 

 

Hobogetur

x

 

164

 

 

Hogelun Ujin

 

x

12

Olkhunugud

Mother to Temujin.

Holuikhan

 

x

149

 

 

Horkhudagh

x

 

142

 

 

Husun

x

 

125

 

 

I

Ibakha

 

x

99

 

 

Idughadai

x

 

126

 

 

Ile

x

 

164

 

 

Illugei

x

 

125

 

 

Inalchi

x

 

149

 

 

Inancha Bilge

x

 

69

 

Leader of the Naiman tribe.

Iturgen

x

 

98

 

 

J

Jarchigudai (m) pg. 32   

x

 

32

Uriangkha

He was a blacksmith.

Jajiradai (m) pg. 10  

x

 

10

 

He was a son of Bodonchar, who's wife was captured from a neighboring tribe.  Jajiradai means "The Foreigner". He was the first of the Jadaran clan.

Jakha Gambu

x

 

38

Kereyid

 

Jamugha

x

 

36

 

He was the head of the Jadaran clan, and was later elected Gurhan of the Dorben, Tatar, Naima, Oyirad, Merkid and Tayichigud clans. (pg 59-60)

Jangg

x

 

188

 

 

Jebe

x

 

66

 

A Tayichigud warrior, his name means "The Weapon."

Jebke

x

 

57

 

 

Jeder

x

 

126

 

 

Jelme

x

 

32

 

The son of a Uriangkhai blacksmith. (pg. 198)

Jetei

x

 

125

 

 

Jirghogadai

x

 

66

Tayichigud

 

Jochi Darmala

x

 

51

 

Borjigin clan

Jubkhan

x

 

163

 

 

Jungshoi

x

 

125

 

 

Jurchedei

x

 

52

 

Leader of the Urugud clan.

K

Kete

x

 

126

 

 

Ketei

x

 

126

 

 

Khabichi the Brave

x

 

10

 

Borjigin clan

Khabu 

x

 

10

 

Second ruler of the Mongolian Nation.

Khachi the Hero  

x

 

10

 

His wife was Nomolun, their son was Khaidu, first ruler of all Mongolia .

Khachigun

x

 

14

 

 

Khadagan

 

x

26

 

 

Khadagan Daldurkhan

x

 

86

 

 

Khadagh the Brav

x

 

84

 

Leader of the Jirgin clan and a commander in the Kereyid army. Glossary lists him as Khadagh Bagatur.

Khagatai Darmala

x

 

34

 

A leader of one of the three Merkid clans.

Khaguran

x

 

126

 

 

Khada

x

 

164

 

 

Khadai

x

 

126

 

 

Khaidu

x

 

10

 

First khan of the Mongolian Empire.

Khal

x

 

118

 

He was a leader of the Merkid tribe.

Khaligudar

x

 

97

 

 

Khalja

x

 

126

 

 

Kharachar

x

 

125

 

 

Kharchu

x

 

3

 

 

Khargil Shira

x

 

135

 

 

Khasar

x

 

14

 

 

Khasi

x

 

57

 

 

Khogaghchin   

 

x

32

 

 

Khojin

 

x

78

 

 

Khongkhai

x

 

188

 

 

Khongkhortai

x

 

188

 

 

Khongtaghar

x

 

175

 

 

Khorchi (m) pg. 47 

x

 

47

 

He was a  leader of the Bagarin clan.

Khorghosun

x

 

125

 

 

Khoridai

x

 

60

 

 

Khorijin

 

x

53

 

Jurkin clan

Khorilartai the Clever

x

 

4

 

Khori Tuman clan until they were restricted from hunting by neighboring clans in the Khori Tumad country; they left and changed their clan name to Khorilar. (pg 4)

Khori Shilemun Taisi

x

 

84

 

 

Khori Subechi

x

 

101

Naiman

 

Khubilai (m) pg. 72

x

 

72

 

 

Khuchar

x

 

48

 

 

Khudu

x

 

59

 

He was a Merkid prince.

Khudukha

x

 

59

Oyirad

He was a great shaman.

Khudus Khalkhan

x

 

106

 

 

Khugurchin  

 

x

53

 

Jurkin clan

Khulan 

 

x

115

Merkid

A wife of Chingis

Khurchakhus

x

 

126

 

 

Khuril Ashigh

x

 

126

 

 

Khuri Shilemun

x

 

131

 

 

Khutughtu

x

 

10

 

 

Khutula

x

 

11

 

First khan chosen by Khuriltai, or the Great Assembly of Mongols to elect their leader. (pg. 13)

Khuyildar the Wise

x

 

85

 

A leader of the Manghud clan, glossary lists him as Khuyildar Sechen.

Kinggiyadai Bukha

x

 

126

 

 

Kishiligh

x

 

82

 

He was a herdsman.

Kogsegu Sabragh

x

 

75

 

He was a great Naiman warrior.

Koko Chos

x

 

125

 

 

Kokochu

x

 

46

 

Tayichigud clan. Kokochu became a great shaman known by the name of Teb Tengri.

Kuchu (m) pg. 42

x

 

42

 

 

L

Lablakha

x

 

142

 

 

M

Maral

x

 

125

 

 

Megetu

x

 

126

 

 

Megujin (m) pg. 54  

x

 

54

 

He was a Tatar chief.

Menggei

x

 

188

 

 

Mongke

x

 

183

 

 

Mongoljin the Fair

 

x

3

 

 

Morokha

x

 

126

 

 

Muge

x

 

125

 

 

Mukhali

x

 

57

 

Jurkin clan

Mulkhalkhu

x

 

50

 

 

Mungetu

x

 

182

 

 

Munggugur

x

 

125

 

 

Mungke

x

 

126

 

 

Munglig  

x

 

152

 

A leader of the Khonghkotad clan

N

Nakhu the Rich  

x

 

28

 

Glossary lists him as Nakhu Bayan.

Narin Kegen

x

 

82

 

 

Narin Togoril

x

 

138

 

 

Nayaga

x

 

66

 

He was a Mongol leader.

Nekun Taisi

x

 

11

 

 

Nilkha Senggu

x

 

79

 

 

Nomolun

 

x

10

 

Mother of Khaidu, 1st khan of Mongolia

O

Odchigin

x

 

104

 

Name means "Ruler of the hearth' and is commonly used as part of the name of the youngest son. (glossary pg 199)

Ogele

x

 

47

Arulad

 

Ogodei

x

 

87

 

He was a son of Chingis and 2nd khan of the Mongolian Empire.

Okhotur

x

 

182

 

 

Okin Barkhagh

x

 

10

 

Jurkin clan

Olar

x

 

126

 

 

Oldaghar

x

 

184

 

 

Onggiran

x

 

126

 

 

Onggur

x

 

125

 

Temujin's personal cook

Orbei

 

x

17

 

 Tayichigud clan

Ore Beg Gigin

x

 

149

 

 

Oronartai

x

 

125

 

 

S

Sacha

x

 

10

 

He was a shaman in the Jurkin clan.

Sechequr

x

 

126

 

 

Senggum

x

 

60

Kereyid

 

Shigi Khutukhu

x

 

56

Tatar

 

Shikigur

x

 

53

 

 

Shilugei

x

 

125

 

 

Shingkhor

x

 

10

 

 

Shiraghul

x

 

126

 

 

Shirgugetu

x

 

66

 

 

Sorkhaghatani

 

x

99

 

 

Sorkhan Shira

x

 

24

 

 

Sokhatai

 

x

17

 

Tayichigud clan

Sokhor

x

 

154

 

 

Sorkhatu Jurki  

x

 

10

 

He was the first of the Jurkin clan.

Soyiketu

x

 

49

 

 

Subetei the Brave

x

 

47

Uriangkhai

 

Sugegei Jegun

x

 

95

 

 

Sukegei

x

 

50

 

 

Suyiketu

x

 

125

 

 

T

Taghai

x

 

50

 

 

Taichar

x

 

51

 

 

Taisi

x

 

11

 

 

Tamachi

x

 

126

 

 

Taichu

x

 

10

 

Jurkin clan

Tayang

x

 

79

Naiman

 

Targhutai Kiriltugh

x

 

18

 

Leader of the Tayichigud clan. Glossary lists him as "Kiriltugh the Fat One."

Teb Tengri

x

 

152

 

"The Heavenly One'. He was known as Kokochu before becoming a great shaman.

Telegetu the Rich

x

 

57

 

 

Temuge

x

 

14

 

 

Temuge Odchigin

x

 

14

 

A brother of Temujin.

Temujin Uge

x

 

13

Tatar

 

Temulun

 

x

14

 

A sister of Temujin.

Temur

x

 

126

 

 

Tobsakha

x

 

126

 

 

Tobukha

x

 

126

 

 

Todoge

x

 

139

 

Tayichigud clan

Todogen Girte

x

 

18

 

A leader of the Tayichigud clan

Toghon Temur

x

 

126

 

 

Toghoril

x

 

13

Kereyid

 

Toghtoga

x

 

34

Merkid

 

Toghtoga

x

 

39

 

 

Tokhuchar

x

 

172

 

 

Tolun (m) pg. 125

x

 

125

 

 

Tolui

x

 

99

 

 

Torbi Tashi

x

 

104

 

 

Torolchi

x

 

149

 

 

Tuge

x

 

125

 

 

Tumbinai

x

 

10

 

 

Tumen the Numberous

x

 

10

 

Borjigin clan

Tungge

x

 

57

 

 

Tunghhuidai

x

 

126

 

 

Tusakha

x

 

78

 

 

Tuyuideger

x

 

129

 

 

U

Udutai

x

 

126

 

 

Uighurtai

x

 

190

 

 

Ukhuna

x

 

166

 

 

Usun

x

 

134

 

A leader of the Bagarin clan.

Y

Yedi Inal

x

 

149

 

 

Yedi Tublugh

x

 

182

 

He was a Naiman chief.

Yegu

x

 

182

 

 

Yeke Cheren

x

 

72

 

He was a Tatar chief.

Yeke Chiledu

x

 

11

Merkid

 

Yeke Negurin

x

 

141

 

 

Yesugei the Brave

x

 

10

 

Kiyan clan. He was Temujin's father.

Yesugun

 

x

73

 

Yesugun and Yesui were Tatar sisters and wives to Chingis.

Yesui

 

x

73

 

 

Yesunge

x

 

182

 

 

Yesun Tege

x

 

142

 

 

Yokhunan

x

 

104

 

 

Yurukhan

x

 

126

 

 

TITLES

Anda

 

 

 "Sworn brother"

Beki 

137

 

"A great shaman and chief of noble descent. Who was allowed to wear white robes, ride a white gelding and sit on an elevated seat."

Cherbi 

105

 

 "Steward of the army"

Guregen 

126

 

"One who has married one of the daughters of Chingis Khan."

Khan

 

 

"Chieftain"

Khatun

 

 

"Wife of the khan"

Gui Ong 

130

 

 "Prince of the realm"

Mingghan-u Noyan 

125

 

"Ruler of 1000 households"

Ong

55

 

 "Prince" (Chinese language)

Shidurghu 

180

 

"One who has been made upright"

 

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